By CNS and Catholic Weekly staff
Blow to a country already facing a lack of resources
Hospitals in the Lebanese capital are overwhelmed with those suffering injuries from a massive explosion in Beirut’s port on 4 August causing widespread damage the city and rocking the tiny Mediterranean nation already devastated by the coronavirus and its worst financial crisis since the 1975-1990 civil war.
The explosion has killed nearly 80 people, and injured at least 4000, according to Lebanon’s health minister.
Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison confirmed at least one Australian was killed in the blast. The cause of the explosion under investigation, but officials believe that a large amount of ammonium nitrate warehoused at the port was to blame.
Australia’s Maronite Bishop Antoine-Charbel Tarabay said he was “devastated” to learn about the disaster and that his heart goes out to the Lebanese people who have already suffered much.
“Please contact your families and relatives in Lebanon and check on them at this time and offer any assistance you can,” said Bishop Tarabay in a message on social media. “You may be their only source of help at the moment.”
“On this eve of the Feast of the Transfiguration of our Lord, we pray for the souls of those who passed that they may rest in peace and for all the injured to recover soon,” he added. “May the light of Christ surround all those suffering and may this feast remind us that we are people of the Resurrection who live in hope.
“We continue to pray for Lebanon and for an end to the suffering of its people, through the intercession of Our Lady of Lebanon and all the saints.”
Aya Majzoub, Lebanon researcher with Human Rights Watch, said that people would not be able to rebuild their homes, businesses and livelihoods.
“There are reports of hospitals turning away patients because they don’t have the capacity,” she said.
“There are reports of hospitals turning away patients because they don’t have the capacity”
“Even before this blast, there have been shortages of medical equipment, protective gear. The health care capacity was already overstretched. I don’t know how hospitals are going to be able to handle these additional injuries.”
Lebanon’s dire economic crisis, exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, is pushing people into a struggle for survival, Catholic and other humanitarian agencies warn, as growing numbers of families can no longer afford the basic food, electricity, hygiene, water and cooking fuel needed to live. On top of that, power cuts last up to 20 hours a day.
People suffering without a social safety net
With Lebanon’s currency collapse by 80 per cent of its value since last October, spiraling inflation and unemployment running about 55 per cent, the Catholic Near East Welfare Association/Pontifical Mission’s Michel Constantin explained that Lebanon does not have a social safety net, but the Catholic Church is reaching out to help the destitute.
An agency of the Holy See, CNEWA/Pontifical Mission works for, through and with the Eastern Catholic churches to address pastoral needs and deliver humanitarian aid.
“People have lost their jobs, are stuck at home with no employment and are getting hungry. We are distributing food, life-saving items such as medicines, food and milk for children for families who have lost jobs. Not to fight poverty, but to save lives,” Constantin told Catholic News Service by phone from Beirut.
“This crisis hits everybody — Lebanese families, Palestinian and Syrian refugees alike. We will start seeing children dying from hunger before the end of the year,” warned Jad Sakr, acting country director of Save the Children in Lebanon.
A recent report by the UN World Food Program said 50 per cent of Lebanese citizens — along with 63 per cent of Palestinians and 75 per cent of Syrians in the country — had expressed doubts they would find enough food over the previous month.
For many Lebanese, aspects of the COVID-19 crisis also recall painful memories of the 1975-1990 civil war, said American Emily Redfern volunteering with Fratelli Project, supported by CNEWA/Pontifical Mission and a partner reaching those in need.
“If we offer a choice between hygiene or food boxes the families will all choose food every time,” Redfern explained. Speaking of the head of a household in one family she said, “He’s too proud to accept help, it’s a good thing his wife is not, otherwise I don’t know how they would be eating.”
CNEWA/Pontifical Mission’s Constantin said he and nine others are also serving on a crisis cell team under the leadership of Lebanon’s top Catholic cleric, Cardinal Bechara Rai, Maronite patriarch. Team members help the church to better “identify and prioritise needs,” while appealing for assistance from Lebanese in the diaspora, foreign governments as well as Catholic and international nongovernmental organisations.
“We have created a network in Lebanon to help families in need and keep any family from dying of hunger,” Cardinal Rai told Vatican Radio recently. “Half of the Lebanese population lives without the food they need, and many are out of work.”
Caritas Lebanon, St Vincent de Paul and other institutions as well as parishes are part of this cooperative network. Rita Rhayem, who directs Caritas Lebanon, warned that the international community has largely remained silent as organisations struggle to aid not only Lebanese, but also Syrian refugees and migrant workers.
Caritas helps provide housing assistance and food to refugees and shelter to foreign domestic workers evicted by employers who can no longer afford their services, but the Catholic humanitarian agency also must seek resources for this aid.
“The last couple of months have been really challenging for Caritas Lebanon: The number of beneficiaries has tripled while the people who used to support us can no longer do so,” Rhayem told a July news conference presenting Caritas Internationalis’ annual report in Rome.
How to help
In Australia, a special appeal has been launched by charity Maronites on Mission in collaboration with the Maronite Eparchy and other charitable organisations based in Beirut.
The Beirut Disaster Relief Appeal aims to provide urgent assistance to the people most affected by the explosion, which has left an estimated 300,000 people homeless.