Vatican proposes renewal of agreement with China on bishops’ appointments

Reading Time: 4 minutes
The Chinese national flag flies in front of a Catholic church in Huangtugang, China, Sept. 30, 2018. The Chinese government has targeted unregistered Catholic and Protestant churches with an expansion of rules and regulations governing religious organizations. (CNS photo/Thomas Peter, Reuters)

The Vatican has proposed to the Chinese government that they extend an agreement signed in 2018 regarding the appointment of bishops, Vatican Media reported.

The agreement, the details of which have never been made public, is set to expire on 22 October.

Its objective is to permit the Catholic faithful to have bishops in full communion with the successor of Peter who are at the same time recognized by the authorities of the People’s Republic of China

“By October a decision is expected regarding the Vatican proposal to extend the provisional agreement ‘ad experimentum’ (on an experimental basis),” wrote Andrea Tornielli, editorial director of the Vatican Dicastery for Communication.

A woman prays during Holy Thursday Mass March 29, 2018, at the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception in Beijing. The provisional agreement signed in 2018 by the Holy See and the Chinese government meant that, for the first time in 70 years, all of the Catholic bishops in China were in communion with the pope and with their brother bishops throughout the world. (CNS photo/Damir Sagolj, Reuters)

The COVID-19 pandemic and its travel-related restrictions slowed negotiations over extending the agreement, Tornielli said, but “the results have been positive, although limited, and suggest going forward with the application of the agreement for another determined period of time.”

A file photo shows a priest hearing confession at the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception in Beijing. The Chinese government said that in addition to meeting health requirements after the COVID-19 outbreak, priests must “preach on patriotism” as a condition for reopening their churches. (CNS photo/Damir Sagolj, Reuters)

Tornielli’s article in Vatican News and in L’Osservatore Romano was published Sept. 29, the day before U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo was scheduled to arrive in Rome for a conference on religious freedom and meetings with officials of the Vatican Secretariat of State.

Urging caution over renewing the agreement, Pompeo had written an article for the magazine First Things Sept. 18 asking the Vatican to use its “moral witness and authority in support of China’s religious believers.”


Pope Francis talks with U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo during a private audience at the Vatican Oct. 3, 2019. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)

The U.S. secretary of state also tweeted that “the Vatican endangers its moral authority, should it renew the deal,” a public tweet that one Vatican official described as “megaphone diplomacy.”

US SECRETARY POMPEO: Vatican endangers its moral authority, should it renew the deal

Tornielli wrote that from the moment the Vatican announced the agreement, it made clear that it did not cover “direct diplomatic relations between the Holy See and China, the juridical status of the Catholic Chinese Church, or the relations between the clergy and the country’s authorities.”

In this 2006 file photo, people in Hangzhou, China, ride a bicycle past a church in the country’s eastern province of Zhejiang. More than 1,200 crosses were removed and an unknown number of churches torn down in the region between 2013 and 2017. (CNS photo/Lang Lang, Reuters)

Instead, he said, the agreement deals only with “the process for the appointment of bishops: an essential question for the life of the church and for the necessary communion between the pastors of the Chinese Catholic Church with the bishop of Rome and with the bishops throughout the world.”

Chinese pilgrims in the Vatican PHOTO: CNS/Reuters

“The goal of the provisional agreement, therefore, has never been merely diplomatic, much less, political,” he said. It was “always genuinely pastoral. Its objective is to permit the Catholic faithful to have bishops in full communion with the successor of Peter who are at the same time recognized by the authorities of the People’s Republic of China.”

In the two years since the agreement was first signed, only a handful — five or six — bishops acceptable both to the Vatican and to Beijing have been named.

Related Stories: