When the U.S. federal Consumer Financial Protection Board issued its proposed rule on 2 June intended to curb the practice of payday lending, it opened an official comment period for the American public to weigh in.
While the formal period ends on 14 September, there’s no rule against informal commenting. And those urging restrictions on payday lending, car title loans and similar financial “products” have made their views loud and clear.
They include the Texas Catholic Conference and Bishop Michael Olson of Fort Worth, Texas.
“The CFPB regulations intend to end payday debt traps by requiring lenders to take steps to make sure consumers have the ability to repay their loans. The proposed rule would also cut off repeated debit attempts that rack up fees,” the Texas Catholic Conference said in a 4 June statement. “These strong proposed protections would cover payday loans, auto title loans, deposit advance products, and certain high-cost instalment and open-end loans.”
“Advocates have expressed some concern that there are potential loopholes in the rules that could be exploited by lenders to extend high cost loans and escape protections intended to assess the borrower’s ability to repay,” the statement added.
“Short-term lenders charge interest rates of 600 per cent and more when four out of five payday loans are rolled over or reborrowed, according to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau,” Bishop Olson said in a 7 June statement. “We must halt the unscrupulous lenders from targeting the poor and most vulnerable among us. New rules will assist those facing life’s difficulties to seek temporary financial help from responsible lenders without becoming hopelessly indebted to the predatory lenders.”
“When we realised that this is about the most vulnerable people being taken advantage by immoral lenders, our bishops engaged and said we can’t witness this happening and not speak out,” said Jennifer Allmon, Texas Catholic Conference executive director, in a 4 June statement.
“Unregulated payday and auto title loans are destroying not only individuals, but also crippling our Texas communities,” Allmon added. “We can help families get out of the vicious cycle of debt by establishing reasonable standards for an industry that has taken advantage of the poor and vulnerable for too long.”
Texas is one of many fronts where the battle against payday lending has been fought. A League of Women Voters study last year put the annual net loss from payday loans at an estimated $351 million in economic value and 7,375 jobs. At last count, 35 Texas municipalities have capped the interest rates payday lenders may charge – out of 961 cities in Texas, 98 of which have 30,000 or more people.
One alternative suggested on 14 June by Senator Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts, speaking at a labor union conference in Washington, was to give the U.S. Postal Service the right to make small loans. The Postal Service – which already charges less for money orders than most banks – would charge lower interest than the payday lenders, there’s a post office in every city of any size in the country, and the profits generated could address the Postal Service’s own annual deficits.
Molly Fleming, who leads “fair lending” work out of Kansas City, Missouri, for the PICO National Network, was at the Consumer Financial Protection Board “field hearing” in Kansas City on 2 June, the day the proposed rule was issued. She called the hearing “a real indicator of the strength of community hunger for strong lending reform. There were 500 people who took a day off from work to come. It was a hot day and it was a long day. It was proof that Kansas Citians and Missourians and people in this country are sick and tired of the way predatory lenders are fleecing our community.”
Asked her impression of the protection bureau’s rule, Fleming told Catholic News Service, “My gut check is these rules are (going) in the right direction. They are an improvement on the current state of lending in America. But they need to be strengthened to make sure that borrowers are not preyed upon and that they are actually able to afford these products.”
It’s the fear of loopholes that have most activists on the payday-lending issue worried.
The proposed rule “must be strengthened, must be significantly strengthened. The CFPB has the right approach on the ability to repay. And it must close the loopholes. It would help millions of Americans if the CFPB closes the loopholes”, said Keith Corbett, executive vice president of the Center for Responsible Lending, during a 14 June conference call with journalists on payday lending issues.
The payday lending industry “looks for loopholes to evade federal and state laws. They will look for any loophole”, Corbett said. He cited the Military Lending Act, which was intended to impose restrictions on usurious interest rates, yet lenders “continued to exploit service members” by offering open-ended credit loans at triple-digit annual percentage interest rates, he added, until the Armed Forces stepped in to cap loan rates at 36 per cent annually.
The Washington Post detailed how one Texas payday lender currently offers a $500 installment loan with $1,341.84 in financing fees. That makes the annual percentage rate 574.52 per cent. And such a loan, the article said, would still be legal under the Consumer Financial Protection Board’s proposed rule.
“A broad spectrum of the advocacy community” is banding together to stop payday loan abuses, said Marisabel Torres, senior policy analyst for the National Council of La Raza, on the 14 June conference call. Those groups include faith, senior, ethnic, minority and immigrant-rights groups. “We’re going to make sure there are not exemptions that betray the intent of this rule,” she added.
During the call, Mike Bocian of GBA Strategies reported poll results that showed that 71 per cent of Americans favour increased regulation of the payday loan industry, and 73 per cent favor the protection bureau’s proposed rule.
“The most striking finding is the broad bipartisan agreement: 76 per cent of Democrats, 75 per cent of Republicans. 71 per cent of independents,” Bocian said. “We rarely find this degree of bipartisanship on hardly any issue, so to see such overwhelming support on this issue is noteworthy.”
By another measure, used-car salesmen, whom Bocian termed “the boogeyman” of unpopular stereotypes, got a 16 per cent favourable view from the poll respondents; the poll has a reliability factor of plus or minus 4.5 percentage points. And payday lenders? Bocian said they got 3 per cent.