Croatians make big contribution
PACKED CHURCHES: Parishioners welcome Cardinal Edward Clancy to St Anthony of Padua Church in Summer Hill in 1999.
THERE have been three phases of Croatian migration to Australia, the first lasting from 1854, when the first Croatian migrants arrived at the Ballarat gold fields in Victoria, until World War II.
The first settlers came from rural Croatia with working class backgrounds.
They did heavy labour in return for good pay, working in the goldfields and in tree felling in various parts of Australia and in the cane fields in Queensland.
The second phase of Croatian migration to Australia lasted from 1947–1960 and consisted mainly of refugees.
After World War II many labourers and skilled trades people migrated to Australia, often coming via the misplaced persons camps.
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